Portuguese Studies Review

ISSN 1057-1515
Appearing since 1991
Formerly published by the ICGP (International Conference Group on Portugal)
The PSR is a non-partisan academic forum for the study of countries, regions, communities, and institutions sharing, exploring, transforming, or developing a Portuguese, Brazilian, or other Luso-related heritage  

Multi-lingual, peer reviewed, agenda-free research forum. Articles, review essays, and reviews in English, Portuguese, French, and Spanish.


Question more, dig deeper, reject dogma — nullius in verba


We Have Relocated: The PSR Leaves Trent University

As of 5 June 2020, the PSR permanently left Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario. Circumstances beyond our control unfortunately made it impossible to continue our operations at Trent. All our activities now unfold under the umbrella of the Lusophone Studies Association, currently operating from York University, Toronto, Ontario. Our shipping services continue to run from Peterborough, Ontario, but do so through a Lusophone Studies Assocation Canada Post account. Likewise, the Editorial Office is no longer located at Trent University. The former PSR URL at Trent autoredirects to the present address, our long-standing search-engine-indexed website at http://www.maproom44.com/psr. You can also easily find us through the Lusophone Studies Association - York University. The PSR is currently expanding its publication services and imprint lines, in the expectation of an eventual lifting of COVID-19 measures. We are returning to functionality after the social distancing lockdowns. Obstacles remain to be ironed out, but they do not affect any unfolding projects for the future. We look forward to an ever more intense co-operation with scholars and researchers and academic institutions around the world, as well as to an expanding range of output in different formats. As of now, you can buy all our publications -- barring postal service delivery disruptions -- through the present site (via the Lusophone Studies Association). Shipping remains affected by the interruptions of service announced by Canada Post. Please help us out and before you place any order verify online ( https://www.canadapost.ca/cpc/en/our-company/news-and-media/service-alerts.page?refid=800963896471 ) whether Canada Post will physically accept any mail for your country at all. FedEx prices or equivalent, to deliver our material, are exorbitant and run to about 10x -- 15x the actual retail cost (something we cannot realistically absorb).

Publishing Program, 2019 - 2020 (COVID Crisis Year) - 2021

For our past and future volumes, please visit our Forthcoming and Recent webpages. A new monographic series of Edited Volumes has been successfully launched (see announcement below -- the initial volumes include, among other, Rivers and Shores: 'Fluviality' and the Occupation of Colonial Amazonia, edited and curated by Rafael Chambouleyron and Luís Costa e Sousa (released very recently). An edited volume of reflections centered on Ceuta and Northern Morocco, 1415-2015, and a volume of studies on Minas Gerais are now available (see below). Titles are being added to the already established PSR Monographs series. Paul Christopher Manuel's new monograph, Voices of the Revolution: Revisiting the Portuguese Revolution of 25 April 1974 -- Interviews and Insights, with interview texts in mirror Portuguese and English versions, has just been released on 30-31 December 2019, before the full-blown COVID-19 crisis (see below). The roster of publications in progress includes new core translations into English of selected classic Portuguese sources of enduring cultural and research significance (in particular a new critical English translation of the Esmeraldo de Situ Orbis and the first ever English translation of the Manuscrito de Valentim Fernandes, involving a rigorous comparison between the published Portuguese and other versions and the original of the Manuscrito de Valentim Fernandes preserved in the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich)). The Valentim Fernandes project will release in stacked increments, (a) a full digital text of the transcription, newly derived from the manuscript and formatted to reflect the original accurately, (b) a full span of geospatially aware place name concordances (an analytical key), and (c) a digital atlas. The atlas is making good progress, as are the detailed and copious analytical notes to the translation. More about our profle... >>

PSR Monographs Vol. 4 (released December 2019)
 Paul Christopher Manuel, ed., Voices of the Revolution: Revisiting the Portuguese Revolution of 25 April 1974 -- Interviews and Insights (Toronto and Peterborough: Baywolf Press / Éditions Baywolf, 2019). 381 + xiv pages (252 pages of interview material); ills.; 9" x 6"; ISBN 978-0-921437-60-4, soft cover.


PSR Edited Volumes
New Publishing Line .
A line of Edited Volumes was approved and phased in by Baywolf Press and the Lusophone Studies Association during our 2017 conference at Trent University. The move was designed to relieve scheduling pressures from a high rate of submissions to the journal and by the simultaneous rise in the number of volumes for which publishing slots are being reserved by participating editors and/or conference organizers. The Edited Volumes series accommodates multiauthor works and collections of papers that cannot be added as out-of-series extras to the standard two annual issues and that also clearly do not fit the PSR Monographs series. Items in the Edited Volumes series are assigned a regular ISBN number (from our reserved block). They are produced as monographs and are distributed in the same manner as monographs.

Our most recent volumes in this series are:

Encounters in Borderlands: Portugal, Ceuta, and the 'Other Shore'
, edited by Martin Malcolm Elbl (Toronto and Peterborough: Baywolf Press / Éditions Baywolf, 2019), 358 + xvi pages; ills. and maps; 9" x 6"; list price: $ 34.75 CAD ; ISBN 978-0-921437-56-7 (soft-cover).

As Minas Gerais do Brasil: economia, ciência e cultura nos séculos XVIII e XIX
, edited by Rafael de Freitas, Sirleia Maria Arantes, and Weder Ferreira Silva (Toronto and Peterborough: Baywolf Press / Éditions Baywolf, 2019), 334 + xxii pages; ills. and maps; 9" x 6"; list price: $ 32.30 CAD; ISBN 978-0-921437-57-4 (soft-cover).

Rivers and Shores: 'Fluviality' and the Occupation of Colonial Amazonia, edited by Rafael Chambouleyron and Luís Costa e Sousa (Toronto and Peterborough: Baywolf Press / Éditions Baywolf, 2019), 190 + xiv pages; ills. and maps; 9" x 6"; list price: $ 27.20 CAD; ISBN 978-0-921437-59-8 (soft-cover).

tangier architecture tangier architecture tangier architecture
ASPHS, TORONTO, April 23-25, 2020 (Postponed and Rescheduled to 2021) (COVID-19 Crisis)

Dear Colleagues,

After a number of discussions between the Board and the hosts at York University over the last few weeks, and taking into account the severity of the situation, ASPHS regretfully has decided to postpone our upcoming April meeting in Toronto. We did not take this action lightly. Having received a number of cancellations already due to coronavirus (COVID-19) concerns, we simply determined that the risks outweighed the gains. Therefore, we will push back our meeting one year and come together in Toronto in April 2021. All registered participants will be able to receive a full refund -- please get in touch with Jodi Campbell at j.campbell@tcu.edu for more information. If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to contact me.


Scott Eastman

President, Association for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

P.S. Please note that all the accepted papers and panels will be included in the next year's program if the panelists will consider attending the rescheduled conference (Ivana Elbl -- on behalf of the Program Committee).


LSA Conferences Chronicle (Past Events Chronicle)

Lusophone Studies Association Conference, 2017 − The Lusophone World in Motion: Past, Present and Future / Conferência da Associação de Estudos Lusófonos, 2017 − O Mundo Lusófono em Movimento: Passado, Presente e Futuro
June 28 to July 02, 2017 / 28 de junho a 2 de julho de 2017, held at the Aracaju del Mar Hotel, Aracaju, Brazil (Av Santos Dumont 1500 Praia de Atalaia 49035730) (conference concluded, selected papers to be published as thematic blocks in the PSR, after peer review).

The 2017 LSA program of workshops, sessions, and meetings ranged from sober and critical looks at Lusotropicalism to explorations of the Atlantic slave trade, constructions of identity and 'otherness', the uses/usages of the Portuguese language, studies of age and aging, youth and culture, racism(s) and racialization, institutional aspects of inclusivity and prosperity, women's studies, political culture and the culture of politics, familial networks, decolonization, postcolonial dynamics, colonial imaginaries, social and technological development, immigration and emigration, labour history, faith and organized religion and syncretic beliefs, as well as economic history, the history of Sephardi trans-Atlantic diasporas, demographic history, and other research topics. The chronological timespan of the themes stretched from the later middle ages to the twenty-first century. The conference was sponsored by FAPITEC/SE, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, the Harriet Tubman Institute, Liverpool University Press, Baywolf Press, Journal of Romance Studies, the PSR, and Susanne Bach (Books from Brazil and Luso-Africa).

26-27 October 2017, Lady Eaton College, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario .
A conference sponsored by the Trent University History Department, the Lusophone Studies Association, Portuguese Studies Review, and Baywolf Press. Supported by the Malcolm Doak Fund, the Dean of Arts and Science – Humanities (Trent University), the School of Canadian Studies, the History M.A. Program (Trent University), the Department of English Literature (Trent University), the Frost Centre for Canadian and Indigenous Studies, Cultural Studies, Lady Eaton College (Trent University), Traill College (Trent University). Keynote address by Prof. António Costa Pinto (University of Lisbon).

The conference presented a historical retrospective of the Portuguese Studies Review and its publishing precursors, and a retrospective of the Lusophone Studies Association and its role as part of the Canadian cultural and scholarly scene. The conference featured presentations by members of the Editorial Board of the PSR, highlighted selected aspects of their research, and honoured the founding editor emeritus of the PSR, Prof. Douglas L. Wheeler. The Editorial Board segment of the conference included a keynote address of by Prof. António Costa Pinto. The working sessions presented papers on a variety of themes, ranging from Portuguese literature to immigration, emigration, the politics of diversity, didactics, diasporic memory, creative writing, global social media, masculinity/femininity, perceptions of the 'other', second-language learning and teaching, peer tutoring in ethnic contexts, the uses and abuses of cultural heritage, and historiographic mythologies. The presenting scholars and session chairs were drawn from Trent University, York University, the University of Lisbon, Mount Saint Vincent University, University of Toronto, University of Western Ontario, University of Guelph-Humber, Minot State University, the Universidade dos Açores, University of Maryland, Ryerson University, the Camões Instituto da Cooperação e da Língua and the Research Centre on Didactics and Technology in the Education of Trainers – CIDTFF. For the conference program and related information, please follow this link >>.

The Lusophone World: Global and Local Communities, 25-29 June 2019, Universidade de Évora, Portugal
 Following on the heels of a very successful 2017 meeting in Aracaju, Brazil, the Lusophone Studies Association (LSA) was pleased to welcome all participants to its 2019 conference in the historic city of Évora, Portugal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The event was held at the Universidade de Évora, 25-29 June, 2019. Organized jointly with the School of Social Sciences and the Research Center in Political Science (FCT network), the theme was The Lusophone World: Global and Local Communities. The conference featured individual papers, thematic panels and roundtables on topics as diverse as: diasporas, education, the elderly, feminism, film, history, law, literature, migration, militarism, teaching Portuguese as a maternal and as a second language, race, religion, struggles for liberation and for democracy, and the youth. Further details will be made available in the near future.

Seguindo o êxito da sua reunião de 2017 em Aracaju, Brasil, a Associação de Estudos Lusófonos (AEL) teve o prazer de dar boasvindas a todos os participantes, na histórica cidade de Évora, Patrimônio da Humanidade da UNESCO. A conferência decorria na Universidade de Évora entre o 25 e 29 de Junho de 2019. Organizada conjuntamente com a Escola de Ciências Sociais (ECS) e o Centro de Investigação em Ciência Política (CICP-FCT), seu tema foi O Mundo Lusófono: Comunidades Globais e Locais. Como tal, a conferência apresentava trabalhos individuais, painéis temáticos e mesas redondas sobre temas tão diversos como: diásporas, educação, idosos, feminismo, cinema, história, direito, literatura, migração, militarismo, o ensino do português como língua materna e segunda, raça, religião, lutas pela libertação e pela democracia e juventude.

Suite au succès de sa réunion de 2017 à Aracaju au Brésil, l’Association des études lusophones (AEL) eut le plaisir de souhaiter une bienvenue à tous les participants de notre conférence dans la ville historique d’Évora, Portugal, site de patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO. La conférence s'est tenue à l’Universidade de Évora, le 25 et 29 juin, 2019. Organisé conjointement avec l’École de Sciences Sociales et le Centre de Recherche en Sciences Politiques (réseau FCT), son thème fut Le Monde Lusophone: Communautés Globales et Locales. A ce titre, la conférence présenta des travaux individuels, panels thématiques, et tables rondes sur des sujets aussi divers que: les diasporas, l'éducation, les personnes âgées, le féminisme, le cinéma, l'histoire, le droit, la littérature, la migration, le militarisme, l'enseignement du portugais comme langue maternelle et seconde, race, religion, luttes de libération et pour la démocratie, et la jeunesse.

José C. Curto, President - Lusophone Studies Association
Helder A. Fonseca, Universidade de Évora (ECS & CICP)

LSA logo ECS logo CICP logo

Featured Events

The PSR is about to resume announcements of featured events, particularly online events. We had suspended this due to the COVID-19 crisis and the total uncertainty whether various events would be held at all, in a situation of lockdowns and quarantines and a worldwide disruption to travel, international as well as interregional/regional.
Featured Exhibitions and Festas -- (Past) Pre-COVID19
Francisco de Zurbarán (1598-1664), Frei Pedro Machado 
Guest item on loan, exhibited at the Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga, Lisbon, 19 September 2019 to 20 January 2020, Level 1/Room 60. The painting showed Frei Pedro Machado (?-1609), a famous theologian from the Mercedarian convent at Burgos, whose monks devoted themselves to the rescue and ransoming of captives. The item originally came from the library of the Convento de La Merced in Seville and formed part of a series of eleven paintings completed around 1630. Five pieces from this series were confiscated by Manuel Godoy in 1802, during the Napoleonic invasion of the Iberian Peninsula, and then passed into the holdings of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in 1816.
LUXO ASIÁTICO: Porcelana, Laca e Seda -- Do Consumo à Apropriação
Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga, Lisbon, 27 September 2019 to 26 January 2020, Level 1/Room 50/Sala do Tecto Pintado. Curator: Rui André Alves Trindade

The items included in this exhibit illustrated the influence of 16th- and 17th-century Ming porcelain on Portuguese ceramic production (1559-1687), and highlighted the role of Lisbon as a gateway for Oriental manufactures and a rising noted producer of faience items. The exhibit was sourced from the collections of the Palácio de Santos, the Embassy of France in Portugal, and ranges from ceramics to lacquerwork and silks, which all together fostered Europe's consumer taste for Eastern motifs and designs and the corresponding rise of derivative applied art.
Featured Exhibitions Chronicle (Past) .

The Art of Power: Habsburg Women in the Renaissance / Kunst und Macht: Drei Frauen aus dem Hause Habsburg  
At the Schloss Ambras, Innsbruck. Special Exhibition, 14th June to 7th October 2018. Was open daily from 10 AM to 5 PM. Please follow these links >> English << and >> German<< to the venue's information releases, in PDF format. The exhibition was curated by Dagmar Eichberger (Universität Heidelberg) and Annemarie Jordan Gschwend (CHAM – Centro de Humanidades, Lisbon ). Billingual richly illustrated catalogues are available.

The exhibition presented to the public c. 100 key objects from important European collections, including items from Ambras Castle and from the Kunsthistoriches Museum in Vienna. The exihibition focused on three remarkable Habsuburg women -- rulers and discerning collectors of art, curiosities, and precious objects: the Archduchess Margaret of Austria (1480-1530, Princess of Asturias and Duchess of Savoy, then Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands), Mary of Hungary (1505-1558, Queen Consort of Hungary and Bohemia, and later Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands), and Catherine of Austria (1507-1578, Queen of Portugal as wife of King João III and then Regent of Portugal during the minority of D. Sebastião I de Portugal).
  Exhbition poster    

Exhibition flyer   Exhbition invitation  

  Spanish Hall: Schloss Ambras    


A Cidade Global: Lisboa no Renascimento / The Global City: Lisbon in the Renaissance 
The Museu Nacional da Arte Antiga, Lisbon, opened on 23 February 2017 the exhibition "A Cidade Global: Lisboa no Renascimento / The Global City: Lisbon in the Renaissance," curated by Annemarie Jordan Gschwend and Kate J. P. Lowe. The display ran from 24 February 2017 to 9 April 2017. Please follow this >> link << to the venue's original press release, in PDF format.

A voyage into the past, "The Global City: Lisbon in the Renaissance" was a museological venture offering a unique point of entry into the street-level atmosphere and material culture of a Lisbon that had been forever altered by the devastating earthquake of 1755 and thus no longer is experientially available as a coherent entitiy to any visitor. The portal through which the exhibit drew the viewer, on multiple levels, into the scenery of a pre-1755 global metropolis were the recently identified sixteenth-century vistas of the Rua Nova dos Mercadores (The New Street of the Merchants), purchased in 1866 by Dante Gabriel Rosetti, preserved at Kelmscott Manor and owned by the Society of Antiquaries of London. For additional information, follow this link >>. You can check out the story of the exhibit's making and get a limited retrospective in the video documentary linked here ... If you travel to Portugal, please reserve some time to visit the collections of the Museu Nacional da Arte Antiga, and then perhaps take time to amble through all the parts of Lisbon that were featured in various publications connected with the "Global City" exhibit -- immerse yourself in the atmosphere.


Featured Presses, Selected Publications .

Routledge / Taylor and Francis Group
The PSR is pleased to recommend, on behalf of Routledge, a forthcoming volume (shipping after 7 October 2020, copyright year 2021) edited by Jeremy Roe and Jean Andrews: Representing Women’s Political Identity in the Early Modern Iberian World (ISBN 9781138541863, 358 pp.). The volume includes studies by Joana Serrado, Lisa Voigt, Diane H. Bodart, Carla Alferes Pinto, Jean Andrews, Annemarie Jordan Gschwend, Vanessa de Cruz Medina, Trevor J. Dadson, Jeremy Roe, Gema Rivas Gómez Calcerrada, Ana Maria S.A. Rodrigues, Inmaculada Rodríguez Moya, Laura Oliván Santaliestra, and Susana Varela Flor. The volume's co-editor, Jeremy Roe, also presents an intricate study of the political iconography of D. João IV (Vila Viçosa, 19 March 1604 - Lisbon, 6 November 1656) in PSR 27_2, about to go to press in the first days of September 2020. Please visit Routledge and pre-order Representing Women’s Political Identity in the Early Modern Iberian World or request an inspection copy, and while you are on the Routledge site check out their other recent and forthcoming volumes. Jeremy Roe is a translator and independent researcher affiliated with the Centro de Humanidades, Universidade Nova de Lisboa. Jean Andrews is Associate Professor of Hispanic Studies, University of Nottingham. She co-edited Writing Royal Entries in Early Modern Europe (2014) and Art and Painting, Vicente Carducho and Baroque Spain (2016). Her monograph Painting and Devotion in Golden Age Iberia: Luis de Morales was published in 2020.

Verso da História
The PSR is delighted to continue promoting Pedro Manuel Cunha Lauret de Saldanha e Albuquerque's A Marinha de Guerra Portuguesa – do fim da II Guerra Mundial ao 25 de Abril de 1974 (2015; ISBN 9789898016225, 312 pp.). The section of Novidades at Verso da História also features Margarida Paredes' Combater Duas Vezes: Mulheres na Luta Armada em Angola (2015; ISBN 9789898016218, 504 pp.), and José Manuel Garcia's A Magnífica Torre de Belém (2014; ISBN 9789898657817, 152 pp.). Please visit the press website for other books published recently.

AR-PAB (Pedro Aguiar Branco) 
Take advantage of current online postings and savour Hugo Miguel Crespo's À Mesa do Príncipe (Jantar e cear na Corte de Lisboa (1500-1700) / At the Prince's Table (Dining at the Lisbon Court (1500-1700) (Lisbon & Paris: AR-PAB, March 2018) . Other fine catalogues and publications are likewise currently available for download at the AR-PAB website, courtesy of the art and antiques dealers and specialists Pedro Bourbon de Aguiar-Branco (member of the Associação Portuguesa de Antiquários, the CINOA - Confédération Internationale des Négociants en Ouevres d'Art, and the S.N.A. [Syndicat National des Antiquaires - France]) and his associate Álvaro Roquette (AR-PAB gallery, Paris).

Paul Holberton Publishing 
The Global City: On the Streets of Renaissance Lisbon
, edited by Annemarie Jordan Gschwend and K. J. P. Lowe (Paul Holberton Publishing: London, 2015; ISBN 9781907372889; 240 pp.) draws us into the past sensory universe of a Lisbon pre-dating the sudden seismic shock of 1755. It does so from the starting point of two large-scale sixteenth-century vistas by an anonymous Flemish master that depict the Rua Nova dos Mercadores commercial and financial thoroughfare. Acquired in 1866 by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, the vistas contribute a unique spatio-temporal window into the past, at street level, bustling with the stark contradictions and contrasts of a global metropolis. The volume conjoins the two works of art with a wealth of data from newly found or suitably valorized archival documents, accompanied by a carefully selected display of little known or unpublished images of contemporary trade staples, curiosities, luxury and prestige items, naturalia, exotica, and other objects. A physical expression of the worldwide tangle of commerce, the Rua Nova as an architectural construct symbolically echoed the estuary of the river Tagus as a natural feature opening out to the Atlantic and to the oceans far beyond. The book Iets readers glimpse Lisbon and its material culture in all the vibrant cosmopolitanism characterizing this major trading hub of the Renaissance world, a hub whose essence and texture were to be forever altered by one of the planet's iconic natural cataclysms – an earthquake and a tsunami – on Saturday, 1 November 1755, the holiday of All Saints' Day. Please visit the PHP website for other recently published books.

  PSR Edited Volumes Series No. 2  
Martin Malcolm Elbl, ed., Encounters in Borderlands: Portugal, Ceuta, and the 'Other Shore' (Toronto and Peterborough: Baywolf Press / Éditions Baywolf, 2019). ISBN 978-0-921437-56-7. In stock.





Access and Distribution

Look for us at Gale/CENGAGE and EBSCOhost e-resource and database centers in your subscribing library (our abstracts will also be restreamed at ProQuest). Soon on JSTOR. Ask your library to subscribe. Or subscribe in person. Previews of the PSR are available through Google Books (program now discontinued, replaced by previews on our own sites).

National Library of Canada Cataloguing Record
Portuguese Studies Review
ISSN 1057-1515 print
v. : ill. : 23 cm
1. Portugal–Civilization–Periodicals. 2. Africa, Portuguese-speaking–Civilization–Periodicals. 3. Brazil–Civilization–Periodicals. 4. Portugal–Civlisation–Périodiques. 5. Afrique lusophone– Civilisation–Périodiques. 6. Brésil–Civilisation–Périodiques.
DP532             909/.0917/5691005 21

Library of Congress Cataloguing Record
Portuguese Studies Review
ISSN 1057-1515 print
v. : ill. : 23 cm
1. Portugal–Civilization–Periodicals. 2. Africa, Portuguese-speaking–Civilization–Periodicals. 3. Brazil–Civilization–Periodicals.
DP532 .P67       909/.091/5691 20 92-659516

dexing: American History and Life, Historical Abstracts, International Political Science Abstracts, Political Science Complete, Social Services Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts; EBSCOHost. Archive: Google Books (preview program now terminated, replaced by a preview program on our own sites); GALE/Cengage Learning (Academic OneFile).

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